Types of fibers used in Cashmere
Published Date: 2018-04-26
Cashmere refers to the luxury fibers that are obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goats. They are finer, lighter, softer and a long time durable than a normal type of wool. There are several types of fibers used in cashmere. These fibers are obtained from the cashmere goats. These animals are commonly considered as a part of domestic goat subspecies Capra aegagrus hircus. The double fleece produced by cashmere goats consists of a fine, soft undercoat or underdown or hair mingled that are straighter and much coarser outer coating of hair. These are known as guard hair. Before selling the products to the market, they are de-haired through the mechanical process which helps to separate the coarse hairs from the fine hair. After the process of de-hair, the products are dyed and are converted into textile yarn, garments, and fabrics.
Fibers are the main agents that help in the formation of cashmere products. Some of the fibers used in cashmere are raw fibers, processed fibers, virgin fibers, recycled fibers and others. Raw fibers refer to the newly obtained fibers which are not processed and essentially straight from the animal. These fibers have not received any manipulation or treatment. Processed fibers are experienced about the process of de-hair, carding, washing and are ready to knit and weave. Virgin is the new fibers which are made into yarns, garments, and fabrics for the first time. Recycled fibers are the used fibers which are again re-made for reuse. These fibers are reclaimed from different fabrics, scraps which are previously felted or woven. The fibers that are used in trails are collected over many years from indigenous goats. These sample fibers are tested for fiber diameter and other different attributes.
Chine is said to be the largest producer of raw fibers which are used to make cashmere products. Mongolia comes in second that produced many tons of cashmere products in the year of 2014. Ultra-fine Cashmere which is also known as Pashmina is still being produced by different communities in Indian Kashmir. These products are rare and have a high price. A pure cashmere which is made from pure fibers can be dyed and spun, and then knitted into many different garments including gloves, socks, and woven into fabrics which can be further assembled into garments. Asia has been trading commercial quantities of raw cashmere with Europe. The cashmere products which are made in Nepal are also exported in many parts of the world. The properties of hygroscopic and long-time durable make cashmere products as the best products in the world.